A term in the Law of the Twelve Tables (c. 450 BC, Tabulae duodecim ). Its significance in legal history is still very disputed. Iurgium is a milder form of dispute than the litigation before court ( lis ); otherwise a general term for a dispute. It is conceivable that iurgium meant an out-of-court settlement, perhaps with the support of the pontifices. In the classical period (1st cent. BC - 3rd cent. AD) this form of resolution had long fallen out of use.
M. Kaser, K. Hackl, Das röm. Zivilprozeßrecht, 21997, 58).