Brill’s New Pauly

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(259 words)

[German version]

Central figure in the eponymous book of the Bible, one of the Ketūbı̄m, the writings, in the Hebrew canon. The etymology of the name leads us to an apparently Edomite word Ayyab, which can be translated approximately as ‘penitent, convert’. The Hebrew ʾĪyōḇ suggests the word ‘enemy’ so that the name can also mean ‘the one treated with hostility’ (sc. by God). The Edomite J., whose fear of God is put to a hard test by God himself through the intervention of Satan, indeed complains about his fate, but always remains faithfu…

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Domhardt, Yvonne (Zürich), “Job”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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