Brill’s New Pauly

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(958 words)

[German version]

(δίκη/díkē, δικαιοσύνη/dikaiosýnē, τὸ δίκαιον/díkaion; iustitia, aequitas). ‘Justice’/‘right’ is a relational term which identifies the fairness or reasonableness between two parameters. In Greek, on the other hand, the archaic word díkē (δίκη) goes back to the root deik- (δεικ-) and means the way ‘pointed out’, the directive. This meaning still manifests itself in the earliest philosophical speculation on justice, in the poet Hesiod (around 700 BC): the jurisdiction of the kings (díkē as a judgement, used mainly in the plural) can be ‘straight’ (ἰθεῖα; itheîa),…

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Neschke, Ada (Lausanne), “Justice/Right”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 01 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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