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Kaiser (Caesar, Emperor)
(361 words)

[German version]

(Old High German cheisar, keisar; Middle High German keiser; even in Gothic kaisar; Old Slavonic cjesari/kesari; Russian/Slovenian cesar/car, ‘czar’). The Gothic kaisar probably derives from the Bible translation (Lk 2,1) by Ulfila. In the Annolied (Song of Anno) (v. 271ff.) from the end of the 11th cent. AD keisere is derived from Caesar. The name ‘Caesar’ was initially a cognomen of the Iulii, but after Octavianus ( Augustus) was adopted by Julius Caesar it became Augustus' family name (cf. [3]). Starting with Claudius [III 1], it was a regular…

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Strothmann, Meret (Bochum), “Kaiser (Caesar, Emperor)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e605320>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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