(Kaniṣka). Most prominent ruler of the Indo-Scythians; exact date controversial, begin of his reign approximately AD 100. His empire stretched from Bactria and Sogdiana to the heartland of India, with Bactra, Surkh Kotal, Taxila and Mathurā as important centres. K. maintained relations with Rome and probably used - apart from Indian and Iranian titles - the Greek title kaísar.
Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki)
A. L. Basham (ed.), Papers on the Date of K., 1968.
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Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 10 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e608160>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510