Brill’s New Pauly

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(237 words)

[German version]

(Qarnaim). The place referred to in Am 6:13 as qarnayim, in the LXX and in Jos as καρναιν, καρνιον or καρναια, in Jerome as carnae/eas, is identified with Šaiḫ Saʿd, 4 km in northeastern direction from Aštarot (Gn 14:5 draws both places together as Aštarot-K.) east of the Jordan [1]. The Israelite king Jerobeom II is said to have conquered K. in his wars just before 760 BC, if Am 6:13 is not in fact a play of words (Lobedar = ‘nothing’, Qarnaim = ‘horns’ as a symbol of strength) [2]. After the fall of Damascus in 732 BC, K. became the capital of the Assyrian pr…

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Köckert, Matthias (Berlin), “Karnaim”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 02 June 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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