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(894 words)

(κώμη; kṓmē, plural κῶμαι; kômai).

[German version]

A. Greece in the 5th and 4th cents. BC

With the meaning ‘village’, kome signified in the Greek world a small community. Thucydides regarded life in scattered, unfortified kômai as the older and more primitive form of communal living in a political unit (Thuc. 1,5,1; on Sparta: 1,10,1; on the Aetolians: 3,94,4). Under the Aristotelian model of pólis formation, families first group together in a kṓmē, and then the kômai group together in a pólis (…

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Rhodes, Peter J. (Durham), Ameling, Walter (Jena) and Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale), “Kome”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 06 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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