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Kyrios
(1,013 words)

(Κύριος; Kýrios, ‘lord’).

I. Religion

[German version]

A. Pagan

Addressing a deity felt to be powerful with ‘lord’ is widespread in Greek religious language. Since Homer, gods (especially Apollo and Zeus) can be addressed by the Mycenaean royal title anax (Ἄναξ), ‘king, lord’ [1]. A number of powerful goddesses (Cybele, Aphrodite, Artemis, Demeter and Persephone, Hecate, Isis) are since archaic times invoked as déspoina (Δέσποινα), ‘mistress’, and, somewhat more rarely, male gods as despótes (Δεσπότης) [2; 3]. Even though th…

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Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH), Theobald, Michael (Tübingen) and Thür, Gerhard (Graz), “Kyrios”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 01 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e626840>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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