Brill’s New Pauly

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Lamia
(900 words)

[German version]

[1] Female spirit

(Λάμια; Lámia). A female spirit who specialized in attacking children (Duris, FGrH 76 F 17; Diod. Sic. 20,41,3-5; Str. 1,2,8; [1. ch. 5]). In this function, L. was often confused with Gello, Mormo and the Strix. In later sources, L. also seduces and destroys attractive men (Philostr. VA 4,25; cf. Apul. Met. 1,17). Her name is etymologically related to laimós (‘maw’), which is an expression of her all-consuming hunger (cf. Hor. Ars P. 340; Hom. Od. 10,81-117 on Lamus, the…

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Johnston, Sarah Iles (Princeton), Kramolisch, Herwig (Eppelheim) and Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg), “Lamia”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e629400>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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