(Λαύρειον, Λαύριον; Laúreion, Laúrion).
L. refers to the Attic mining district in south-east Attica as a whole as well as to a specific mining complex within that district. As L. can be etymologically linked with λαύρα/laúra (Hom. Od. 22,128; 22,137) from the Mycenaean ra-u-ra-ta, it seems that from very early on the region owed its name to the mine.
The most important mining district of Greek antiquity, L. with its min…