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Lawcourt
(459 words)

[German version]

The institution of the law court (LC) has existed from the beginning of state control in antiquity. It is no longer possible to deduce whether and where a phase of arbitration preceded it. In the documents of the Ancient Orient LCs are attested on many occasions [1; 2; 3]. The respective city prince or king was probably also the master of the court although in Mesopotamia there was also local jurisdiction (i.e. within certain groups) [2]. The scribes were suited for work as judges on the basis of their education because they not only mastered the types of business but also proce…

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Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen), “Lawcourt”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12222200>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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