Brill’s New Pauly

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(174 words)

[German version]

(derived from Latin lens, lentis or lenticula; Greek φακός/phakós), Ervum lens L., a pulse cultivated for millennia, especially in Egypt (two species in Plin. HN 18,123). For their mush (φακῆ/phakê) Esau sacrificed his right as the firstborn (Gn 25:34). Among the Greeks, Solon fr. 26,3 and Hdt. 4,17 (cultivation among the Scythes) are the first to mention lentils. In Aristoph. (e.g. Equ. 1002 and Vesp. 811) as well as in Ath. 4,158a-d the lentils dish is the meal of the poor. Theophrastus (Hist. pl. 2,4,2 and…

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Hünemörder, Christian (Hamburg), “Lentils”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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