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Litterarum obligatio
(422 words)

[German version]

In Roman law a liability that has arisen through a written document (litteris). According to Gai. Inst. 3,128ff., this includes the nomina transcripticia (transfer claims) through registration of a payment (expensum ferre), as on the basis of authorization ( iussum , Cic. Q. Rosc. 1,2) of the debtor (mostly by letter) with a certain date a sum was recorded by the creditor as paid to the debtor without this amount actually having been paid. The entry was made in the house book - described as codex accepti et expensi or tabulae - of the Roman house father ( pater familias ), in wh…

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Meissel, Franz-Stefan (Vienna), “Litterarum obligatio”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 29 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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