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[German version]

A. Definition

The theory of valid conclusions, developed by Greek philosophers as a result of their interest in all kinds of argumentation, not only in philosophy but also in mathematics and politics and before the courts. The first technical term for what we today call logic, the word ‘dialectics’ (διαλεκτικὴ sc. τέχνη; dialektikḗ sc. téchnē), was used by Aristotle [6]. The term logic in the sense of ‘theory of correct argumentation’ is first encountere…

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Ierodiakonou, Katerina (Oxford), “Logic”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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