The lot was used especially in democracies, but not only in such, as a means to distribute office among those who were equally eligible, rather than appointing the best candidate under the circumstances.
For Athens, the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia states that Solon introduced the selection of the archons by lot from a short list of pre-selected candidates ([Aristot.] Ath. pol. 8,1; but differing: Aristot. Pol. 2,1273b 35-127…
Cite this page
Rhodes, Peter J. (Durham),
Ameling, Walter (Jena),
Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne),
Nollé, Johannes (Munich) and
Heimgartner, Martin (Halle),
“Lot, election by”, in:
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 10 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e709910>