Abbreviation of the Latin personal name Marcus and (already in antiquity with an apostrophe: M') Manius. As a numerical sign, M stands for the number 1,000, but it was not derived from mille (Latin word for thousand), rather it came about by reforming the Greek letter Φ (phi), which was not adopted into the Latin alphabet (see D as a numerical sign).
Cite this pageEder, Walter (Berlin), “M.”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e715220>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510
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