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Machaerus
(270 words)

[German version]

(Μαχαιροῦς/Machairoûs, Hebrew Mekawar, Mekabar). Fortress situated east of the Dead Sea in southern Peraea, on the border with the Nabataean kingdom ( Nabataei) which Alexander [16] Iannaeus (103-76 BC) had built (modern Ruǧm al-Mišnaqa). According to Plin. HN 5,16,72, M. was, apart from Jerusalem, the strongest fortress in Judea. M. was completely destroyed during the Roman campaign in 63 BC by Pompeius (Str. 16,763) and later by the proconsul of Syria Gabinius [I 2] (57-55 BC) (Jos. Ant. Iud. 14,5,4; Jos. BI 1,8,5). Under Herodes [1] the Great the fortress was r…

Cite this page
Wandrey, Irina (Berlin), “Machaerus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 15 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e715520>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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