Brill’s New Pauly

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Mani, Manichaeans
(1,201 words)

[German version]

A. Sources

Until the beginning of the 20th cent., knowledge of Manichaeism was based primarily on anti-Manichaeist literature, be it the edicts of the Roman Imperial era (from Diocletianus), the Christian (e.g. Ephrem of Edessa, Epiphanius [1] of Salamis, Augustinus, Theodor bar Konai) and Islamic heresiologists (Muḥammad ibn an-Nadīm, al-Birūnī, Šahrastānī) or the influential novel Acta Archelai by Hegemonius (4th cent.). An early source is the polemic of…

Cite this page
Rudolph, Kurt (Marburg/Lahn), “Mani, Manichaeans”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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