Brill’s New Pauly

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(443 words)

[German version]

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Achaemenids | Sassanids | Alexander | Graeco-Bactria | Graeco-Bactria

(Μαράκανδα, ἡ Μαρακάνδα; Marákanda, hē Marakánda), modern Afrasiab/Samarkand, founded as an oasis city at the end of the 14th cent. BC in the fertile plain of the Polytimetus (modern Serafšān), old capital of Sogdiana (Arr. Anab. 3,30,6), the size of 60 stadia (Curt. 7,6,10). Trading centre for trade to the north and east (finds from the Tang period). There is hardly any information about the period before Alexander [4] the …

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Brentjes, Burchard (Berlin) and Wirth, Gerhard (Nuremberg), “Maracanda”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 19 April 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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