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Margiana
(202 words)

[German version]

(Μαργιανή/Margianḗ < Ancient Persian Marguš > New Persian Marv). Fertile eastern Iranian country through which the Murġāb flows (Ptol. 6,10,1; Plin. HN 6,16; Str. 2,1,14; 11,10,1; in the Avesta M. is regarded as one of the most beautiful of countries created by Ahura Mazdā) in modern Turkmenistan. Ptol. 6,10 names the Derbicci, Massageti, Parni, Daae and Topuri as inhabitants of M. and also mentions individual cities, among which Antioch [7] Margiane (Giaur-Qala with the original Achaemenid citadel and later Parthian fortifications 30 km east of modern Marv/ Merw),…

Cite this page
Wiesehöfer, Josef (Kiel), “Margiana”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e723420>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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