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Martyria
(455 words)

[German version]

(μαρτυρία, martyría). In Greek law, the deposition in court of a testimony, its content or a document drawn up for this purpose. Witnesses (μάρτυρες, mártyres; synonyms [2. 2032f.]) were formally invited to be present at business transactions, and witnesses to wrongful acts were called by the injured or avenging party. At the time of the Attic orators (5th/4th centuries BC) they were not sworn in but affirmed that they were ‘acquainted with’ a formulaic phrase drawn up by the person presenting the case or ‘present’ at an event. Only in cases of homicide did the witnesses…

Cite this page
Thür, Gerhard (Graz), “Martyria”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e725500>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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