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[1] Term used in family law

Under Roman law of the Republican period, there was a difference between the matrona as the legal wife and the mater familias, the wife who was in the manus of her husband and thus belonged to his family (Gellius 18,6,8-9). This difference disappeared along with the marriage with manus ( Marriage), and since Augustus the terms matrona and mater familias are interchangeable in legal texts.

In social terms, the word matrona expresses th…

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Deißmann-Merten, Marie-Luise (Freiburg), Lafond, Yves (Bochum) and Schön, Franz (Regensburg), “Matrona”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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