(Hebr. mattityah), from Modeïn, a member the Jewish Joarib class of priests, clan father of the Hasmoneans. M. resisted the religious edict of Antiochus  IV. Joined by the pious ones (Greek Ἀσιδαῖοι/Asidaîoi, Hebr. Ḥasīdīm), who had also fled into the Judaean desert, he began a guerilla war against the Jewish loyalists. After his death (167/166 BC) his son Judas  Maccabaeus became the leader of the Jewish rebellion (1 Macc 2,1-70).
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Bringmann, Klaus (Frankfurt/Main),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 17 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e726840>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510