Brill’s New Pauly

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(340 words)

[German version]

The name of the goddess M. is derived from Oscan mefitis, ‘suffocating, sulphurous exhalation’ (cf. Verg. Aen. 7,83f.; Serv. Aen. 7,84). Hence the first evidence of a cult of M. is found on Oscan territory: Aeclanum (Vetter 162), Pompeii (Vetter 32) and Rossano di Vaglio. There had been a temple since the 4th century BC in which M. was worshipped beside Juppiter and Mars [1; 2]. In the 1st century BC, M. was also worshipped in the nearby Roman town of Potentia (CIL X 130-133 and p. 961; cf. ibid. 3811, from Capua). Her most prominent temple was at the lacus Ampsanctus (Valle d'An…

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Mastrocinque, Attilio (Verona), “Mefitis”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 28 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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