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Megasthenes
(126 words)

[German version]

(Μεγασθένης; Megasthénes). Diplomat and historian (c. 350-290 BC). An envoy sent out several times between 302 and 291 under Seleucus I, especially to northern India, where Chandragupta ( Sandracottus) founded the Maurya kingdom.

His geographical and ethnographical work Indiká, three or four books, preserved only in fragments, was based on observation and information uncritically received through interpreters. For a long time it was the most detailed presentation of India and was used by Diodorus [18] Siculus, Strabo and Plinius the Elder, but primarily by Arrian…

Cite this page
Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim), “Megasthenes”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 02 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e729430>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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