Only Curtius Rufus (5,1,16) reports that Alexander  the Great reached the city M. after four days on the road from Arbela  to Babylon. A strong spring of naphtha was said to gush forth from a cave nearby. The city wall of Babylon was said to have been built of asphalt from M., which was probably located in the petroleum region of Kirkūk.
F. H. Weissbach, s.v. Mennis, RE 15, 896.
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Kessler, Karlheinz (Emskirchen),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 20 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e733030>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510