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Mental illness
(976 words)

[German version]

A. Near Eastern

Mental illnesses (MI) are described in both Jewish and Babylonian texts. Sometimes physical signs are indicated, as in epilepsy, sometimes behaviours are described as in 1 Sam 16:14-16; 21:13-15, but all MI are ascribed to the intervention of God, or, in texts from 500 BC onwards, of a variety of demons [1]. Treatment might be…

Cite this page
Nutton, Vivian (London), “Mental illness”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 28 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e420640>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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