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Mercenaries
(1,073 words)

[German version]

I. Greece

Mercenaries (μισθοφόρος/misthophóros or μισθωτός/misthōtós, ξένος/xénos) - soldiers who fought in foreign service as professional soldiers in exchange for payment (misthós) - had existed in Greece since ancient times. In the 6th cent. BC they served Egyptian or eastern kings (Egypt: Hdt. 2,154; ML, No. 7; Babylon: Alc. 350 Lobel/Page); Greek tyrants like Peisistratus [4] or Polycrates [1] needed mercenaries to protect them (Hdt. 1,61; 3,45). Only from the Peloponnesian War onwards did the poleis deploy, …

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Burckhardt, Leonhard (Basle) and Campbell, J. Brian (Belfast), “Mercenaries”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 11 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1116000>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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