Brill’s New Pauly

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Mesopotamia
(7,071 words)

I. General

[German version]

A. Name

The name M., i.e. ‘[land] between the rivers [ Euphrates [2] and Tigris]’, first appears in Arrian (Arr. Anab. 3,7,3; 7,7,3) as a designation for the area of what is now eastern Syria and northern Iraq, probably corresponding to the Aramaic beyn nahrīn and the Akkadian māt birīt nārim (both ‘between the rivers’). However, this expression designated only the region between the bend of the …

Cite this page
Nissen, Hans Jörg (Berlin) and Oelsner, Joachim (Leipzig), “Mesopotamia”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 05 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e800690>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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