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Metallurgy
(2,957 words)

I. Ancient Near East

[German version]

A. Metal extraction

Metals are extracted from ores (smelting). Precious metals: gold, silver, elektron; base metals: copper, tin, lead, iron. The beginnings of metallurgy can be found in mineralogically favourable regions, particularly near the (copper-)ore deposits of Anatolia. Elements of pyrotechnology have been identified in aceramic neolithic settlements of the early 7th millennium BC, in p…

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Wartke, Ralf-B. (Berlin), Giesen, Katharina (Tübingen), Kohler, Christoph (Bad Krozingen) and Schneider, Helmuth (Kassel), “Metallurgy”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 07 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e801930>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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