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Mills
(1,880 words)

[German version]

I. Ancient Orient and Egypt

In the Near Eastern and Egyptian cultures, only grinding mills were used. These consisted of an oblong grindstone and a running stone that was moved back and forth on top of it. Rotary mills, the upper stone of which turned on an axis, did not appear until Roman influence made itself felt. The grinding stones were mostly of basalt, imported from afar when necessary. The terms for the grinding and rubbing stones are NA4.ARÀ in Sumerian, erûm and narkabum in Akkadian, bnwt i…

Cite this page
Nissen, Hans Jörg (Berlin) and Baatz, Dietwulf (Bad Homburg), “Mills”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e810810>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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