Brill’s New Pauly

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Minoan culture and archaeology
(5,147 words)

A. Definition

[German version]

1. History of scholarship

When Crete became autonomous in 1898, its archaeological exploration became possible. Arthur Evans, who excavated the palace of Knossos, called the Bronze Age culture of the island ‘Minoan’ (after the mythological Cretan king Minos), in contrast to ‘Mycenaean’ which at that time was the usual term for the Bronze Age culture of the whole of Greece. At the beginning of the Bronze Age (3rd millennium BC), MC was limited to Crete. Until its height (c. 1700-1400…

Cite this page
Hiesel, Gerhard (Freiburg), “Minoan culture and archaeology”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 February 2024 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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