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Mithras
(2,056 words)

(Μίθρας/Míthras, Μίθρης/Míthrēs).

[German version]

I. Persia

A Hittite treaty with the Mitanni (14th cent. BC) contains the earliest evidence of Mithras ([1. No. 16]: Mitra). In the oldest literary evidence, the Indian Ṛg Veda, Mitra is the god who together with Varuna is responsible for upholding the ṛta, the cosmic order. Likewise, in Iran Mi θ ra is one of the most important yazata (gods), who leads people ‘on the path of aša, order’ (Yašt 10,86; [2. 114f.]), and guides a multitude of social relations such as agreemen…

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Gordon, Richard L. (Ilmmünster), “Mithras”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 08 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e807080>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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