Brill’s New Pauly

Get access
Search Results: | 4 of 165 |

Moloch
(266 words)

[German version]

(ְךֶלֹמ, molæk, LXX: Μολοχ/Moloch, Vulg.: Moloch). M. is most probably the name of a Canaanite deity to whom children were supposedly sacrificed. However, it is difficult to determine how M. fit into the Canaanite pantheon (Malik? Milkom? Adad-Milki?). Referring to the Phoenician-Punic term for a sacrifice, mlk/molk, Eissfeldt interpreted M. not as a god, but as a technical term for the sacrifice of children (or substitutes) [1]. But this view is contradicted by passages in which M. clearly referred to a god (cf. Lv 20:5).

The Hebrew Bible explicitly forbids sacri…

Cite this page
Bloch, René (Berne), “Moloch”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 15 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e808500>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



▲   Back to top   ▲