Brill’s New Pauly

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(521 words)

[German version]

The term monarchianism is derived from the word monarchiani (Tert. Adversus Praxean 10,1), apparently a neologism of Tertullianus's. It denotes the position of Christian theologians of the 2nd and 3rd cents., who refused to interpret Christ as a pre-existing logos of God, in order to circumvent the assumption of a differentiated deity and a consequent implication of ditheism (the belief in two gods), and thus to protect the monarchia (personal rule of God), i.e. strict monotheism. Monarchianism was widespread among intellectuals, but also among ordinary…

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May, Gerhard (Mainz), “Monarchianism”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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