Brill’s New Pauly

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[German version]

A. Concept

Monasticism is a well-known and distinctively Christian way of life. Its essential form arose in the Early Christian period. The central conceptual term μοναχός/monachós (Latin monachus, hence ‘monk’) refers to the Christian living the ascetic and solitary life (Eus. Commentarius in Psalmum 68(67),7, PG 23,689; Egyptian papyri from the same time). Independent terminology gradually formed in parallel to the development of the way of life. In this, Athanasius' Vita A…

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Frank, Karl Suso (Freiburg), “Monasticism”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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