Brill’s New Pauly

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Money, money economy
(6,610 words)

[German version]

I. Ancient Orient and Egypt

As early as the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC metals (copper and silver, later also tin and gold) fulfilled monetary functions as a medium of exchange, a means of payment for religious, legal or other liabilities, a measure of value and a means of storing wealth. Until the 1st millennium fungible goods, primarily corn, also served as a medium of exchange and measure of v…

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Renger, Johannes (Berlin), von Reden, Sitta (Bristol), Crawford, Michael Hewson (London), Morrisson, Cécile (Paris) and Kuchenbuch, Ludolf (Hagen), “Money, money economy”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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