Although the terms μονοπωλία/monopōlía and μονοπώλιον/monopṓlion are documented only since the late 4th cent. BC (Aristot. Pol. 1259a 21-23; Hyp. fr. 43 Jensen), monopolies existed much earlier. According to Aristotle, the poleis set up monopolies for certain goods, especially in times of financial difficulty; such measures belonged to the art of acquiring (chrēmatistikḗ). We know of monopolies on sales and exports: private individuals, cities or rulers controlled the trade in certain go…
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Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld),
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 23 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e809140>