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Mons Gaurus
(146 words)

[German version]

Volcano in Campania north east of the Campi Phlegraei (Plin. HN 3,60: Gaurani montes). Proto-Apennine settlements (vase finds) were probably destroyed by a volcanic eruption. The Romans were victorious over the Samnites there in 343 BC (Liv. 7,32,2). Thereafter part of the ager Campanus, and from 194 BC incorporated in the territory of Puteoli. Evidence of numerous villae rusticae. The wine produced there enjoyed a good reputation (Plin. HN 14,38; 64: Calventina vines). Nicomachus Flavianus, son-in-law of Symmachus (cos. AD 391), owned a villa there (Symm. Epist…

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Pappalardo, Umberto (Naples), “Mons Gaurus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 June 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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