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Moon
(1,588 words)

[German version]

I. Ancient Orient

The rotation of the moon and the phases of the moon served as significant structural elements of the calendar from early times in all ancient Oriental cultures. People discussed not only the phases of the moon but also, from earliest times, the eclipses of the moon, regarding them as ominous signs (Astrology; Divination). Like the sun, the moon, which was represented as a deity, was the protagonist of numerous myths in Egypt, Asia Minor [1. 373-375] and Mesopotamia (Moon deities).

I…

Cite this page
Renger, Johannes (Berlin), Quack, Joachim (Berlin) and Hübner, Wolfgang (Münster), “Moon”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 28 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e808810>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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