Brill’s New Pauly

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Mosaic
(3,403 words)

[German version]

I. Phoenician-Punic

A fundamental technical innovation in the creation of floors first occurred in the 5th cent. BC in the region of Carthage (Kerkouane) [1]: the surface was designed with the help of small, rectangular or almost square cubes (tessellae) made of terracotta (opus figlinum, see below II.B.), limestone or marble, which were set into a bed of mortar with the tightest possible fit and were then polished for walking upon. It appears to have developed in this importa…

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Niemeyer, Hans Georg (Hamburg) and Panayides, Aliki Maria (Berne), “Mosaic”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 26 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e810170>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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