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(Muḥammad, Greek Μουάμεδ/Mouámed, Μωάμετ/Mōámet). Founder of Islam (born about AD 570 in Mecca, died AD 632 in Medina). Muslims believe that M. was the recipient of divine revelations (Qur'an) brought by the angel Gabriel [1] and the ‘seal of the prophets’. A belief in M. as God's messenger is an integral part of the Islamic faith.

M. was influenced by a tribal society that was undergoing social restructuring, with certain monotheistic ideas and currents beginning to appear in its polytheistic religion (Monotheism). In 610, when he was already a respected merc…

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Schönig, Hanne (Halle/Saale), “Muhammad”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 02 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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