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A. Origins and functions

The name Neptunus may etymologically be derived from Sanskrit apām nápāt, ‘descendant of the waters’ [1; 2. 100-103]; N. was primarily a ‘land water god’ [3. 2515]. The Etruscan name Nethuns is linguistically related to N., but this god is probably the Etruscan version of an Italian N. whose function was expanded through Etruscan sea trade with the Greeks, linking up with the role of Greek Poseidon as the god of the sea, so that he became a maritime deity himself …

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Phillips, C. Robert III. (Bethlehem, Pennsylvania), “Neptunus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 19 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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