Brill’s New Pauly

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(471 words)

[German version]

(in the Twelve Tables noxia; from nocere, ‘to do harm’). Originally a damaging act or injury, in the usage of the classical Roman jurists of the 1st-3rd cents. AD it designated more specifically the liability for damage by persons under the power of a father or a master (cf. Dig. 9,4) or by animals (see pauperies ).

In the most ancient Roman law, the basic premise for noxal liability was the personal criminal liability of persons under the power of a father or a master. Since they were under the legal authority of others, they were immu…

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Gamauf, Richard (Vienna), “Noxa”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 June 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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