Brill’s New Pauly

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(1,502 words)

I. Sanctuary

[German version]

A. Etymology and definition

The word νυμφαῖον/nymphaîon is first attested in the 4th cent. BC, on Delos (IG XI,2,144, A l. 91). It originally designated a sanctuary of the nymphs. A nymphaeum is first attested in Itanus on Crete in the 3rd cent. BC together with a water reservoir (ILS 9458). The Latinised form nymphaeum is first found in Pomponius Mela (first half of the 1st cent. AD, Mela 2,3), for a nymph sanctuary in Chersonessus. Conversely, Plinius (HN 35,151) used the word nymphaeum to describe a well with…

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Nielsen, Inge (Hamburg), Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart), Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel), Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt), von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) and Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand), “Nymphaeum”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 27 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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