Brill’s New Pauly

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Oak
(818 words)

[German version]

With around 30 different species, oaks are by far the most common deciduous trees in the natural vegetation of the countries around the Mediterranean. As such, the Greeks gave them the collective Indogermanic name for a tree δρῦς (drŷs) which was already documented in linear B, as well as special names to distinguish between them. Thus the name for the sacred oak oracle of Zeus in Dodona varies between δρῦς and φηγός (phēgós), whilst in Latin it is consistently called quercus. This refers to the ‘Trojan oak’, Quercus troiana [1. 385-391]. The most detailed and reliab…

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Walde, Christine (Basle) and Herzhoff, Bernhard (Trier), “Oak”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e327190>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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