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Oath
(846 words)

[German version]

I. Ancient Orient

Since the second half of the 3rd millennium BC [1. 63-98; 2. 345-365], a distinction was made in Mesopotamia between promissory (assuring) oaths in contract law and assertory (confirming) oaths taking effect in lawsuits. A promissory oath served as an absolute assurance of a renunciation or intended action and was performed by invoking the king or a god, or both. An assertory oath had probative force as an oath f…

Cite this page
Neumann, Hans (Berlin) and Thür, Gerhard (Graz), “Oath”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 28 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e327230>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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