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Ochre
(254 words)

[German version]

(ὤχρα/ṓchra, Latin ochra, sil: Plin. HN 33,158), weathered clayey iron oxide compound, which was the most widely used brownish yellow paint in antiquity, sometimes resembling oxblood in appearance. There were four common types of ochre (Plin. HN 33,158-160), the best of which was no longer available after the Laurium silver mines in Attica were depleted (cf. Vitr. De arch. 7,7,1). The second-best type, a grainy ochre containing marble that could withstand etching with burnt lime, was used for painting walls (Vitr. De arch. 7,7,1) and for frescoes (Fresco). Brownish …

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Hünemörder, Christian (Hamburg), “Ochre”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 19 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e827790>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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