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Oikos
(1,354 words)

[German version]

(οἶκος/oîkos; “house, household”). The Greek terms oîkos and oikía (οἰκία) were often used synonymously; however, in Attic Greek, oîkos was generally no longer used to denote the house as a building, but for the household, while oikía as a rule meant the building. The work oîkos encompassed the entire possessions of the household as well as the family (although in Athenian law the term seems never to have been applied to the family). In Aristotle, the oîkos to which the married couple, their children and slaves belonged became the most important element of the polis (Arist…

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Thür, Gerhard (Graz) and Osborne, Robin (Oxford), “Oikos”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 16 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e829060>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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