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Oikoumene
(939 words)

[German version]

(οἰκουμένη/oikoumén ē, Lat. oecumene) is a participle originally referring to (γῆ, 'earth') and designating 'the inhabited part of the earth' in contrast to the uninhabited portion. The oldest preserved evidence (Xenophan. fr. 41 DK) already links the word to the collective subject 'we' (sc. human beings) and thus relates oikoumene to a 'humankind' that is not further specified. Accordingly, the oikoumene is not only a geographic entity, but first of all a social realm established by its inhabitants' ability, at least in principle, to fo…

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Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld), “Oikoumene”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e829080>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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